In addition to terrorist threats, behind the scenes played out climate conference another diplomatic drama
Climate Summit opened in Paris at a time when the world is in danger of the fire of global conflict, able to outshine any negotiations. On the first day of the Summit of 150 heads of State attended, including the President of the United States Barack Obama. The main objective of the event is to sign the Treaty on the limitation of emissions into the atmosphere to keep the temperature rise to 2° c level.
"I came here personally, as the leader of the world's largest economy and second largest issuer of emissions into the atmosphere, to say: the United States not only recognize their role in creating the problem, but are aware of the responsibility to change such a situation," Obama said during the Conference.
If you do not restrict greenhouse gas emissions, according to some scientists, the effects of human impact on the Wednesday by the end of the 21st century would be catastrophic.
Others, meanwhile, have questioned the correctness of this objective in the 2° c and the Summit itself (the abbreviated name COP21). Although the event will bring together more than 40 thousand. delegates and 3 thousand. journalists in the city, which has still not recovered from the most deadly attacks since the second world war.
Parisians still find it difficult to accept the fact that public attention now focused on reducing greenhouse gases, rather than the fight against terrorism
The Paris with the beginning of the climate conference was to remind international exhibition on alternative energy sources. Along the Champs-Elysees lined with solar panels and wind turbines. In front of the City Hall of Paris is hosting an exhibition of energy-efficient housing. At place Saint-Michel in the Latin quarter on top of a block of papier-mâché, reminiscent of melting glaciers, stands a man in ski clothes with an inscription on the neck: "we must act before it's too late."
A city on the brink
Despite dire warnings of scientists and activists regarding climate change, which is a key theme of the Conference, the long list of security threats can overshadow the two weeks of climate talks.
This list is headed by threats from Islamic terrorism and militants who were returning from the battlefields in Syria and Iraq. The evening before the opening of the Conference COP21 and less than an hour after arrival in France, Obama expressed their respect for the victims of the Paris attacks at the night club Bataclan, killing 89 people.
French police ordered watching from the Windows of the Parisians back into the room, and passers-by were asked to depart away, stressing the high alert in the city.
"Given the threat of terrorism in our country, we try to provide maximum security for the Conference, told reporters French Interior Minister Bernard Kazenev. To this end, France has mobilized 120 thousand. man.
The event, which ends December 11, is being held in the Conference Center in the Paris suburb of Le Bourget. It was here that Charles Lindberg landed after his historic single flight across the Atlantic in the year 1947.
Paris is still largely on the verge, and climate summit sparked further concerns about security. The tense situation, clashes between protesters and preheated by police Sunday at Revolution Square in the heart of the city. Police used tear gas, 174 activists went to jail.
The country remains the State of emergency, public demonstrations are banned. French President Francois Hollande called the Sunday protests "scandalous." "We will not have a single drop of tolerance towards aggressive activists that harm public order," said Kazenev.
The tension in the world
In addition to terrorist threats, behind the scenes played out climate conference another diplomatic drama-Russian intervention in Syrian and Ukrainian war.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan decided to use COP21 pad, to meet with President Vladimir Putin, and to discuss the tense situation prevailing between the two countries after Turkey downed Russian Su-24 bomber. Turkey argues that the Russian aircraft had repeatedly violated its airspace, the Kremlin rejects those charges.
The tension between Turkey and Russia has increased significantly. Moscow cancelled a visa-free regime of entry to its territory for Turkish citizens and banned Russians visiting this country (12% of all tourists to Turkey). Later, Putin signed a series of economic sanctions against Turkey.
According to the Russian President, retribution is aimed at "ensuring Turkey's national security and the security of Russian citizens".
While in the news dominated Russian-Turkish dispute, in Eastern Ukraine have intensified fighting, an uneasy truce-breaking and pushing shown in the embattled region for full-scale war.
Among the world leaders gathered in Paris, attended by the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko. He found himself at arm's length from his Russian counterpart.
Over the past 20 months, Ukrainian troops fought against the combined Russian-separatist forces in Eastern Ukraine. The conflict claimed the lives of more than 7 thousand. people and another 1 million left homeless. The Ukrainian military, reported a few days ago the Russian-separatist forces attacked the Ukrainian position, using machine guns, grenades and 82 mm mortars.
Despite the denials of the Kremlin, the Russian troops and arms continuously supplied to Ukraine starting from spring 2014 years. This entailed the introduction of American and European sanctions against Russia.
Ukrainian-Russian conflict has intensified and other destinations. Last week Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk stated that Ukraine halts Russian gas purchases, replacing its imports from the European Union.
Recently, Ukraine also banned all commercial flights to Russia and launched an international campaign in memory of Holodomor-deliberately organized by the Stalin famine 30-IES, which has claimed the lives of millions of Ukrainians. Acting on the principle of an eye for an eye, Russia stopped deliveries of coal in Ukraine.
Further complicating the situation is the fact that Ukrainian partisans blew power lines leading from Ukraine in Crimea, thus plunging into darkness annexed by Russia.
The flow of people
The attacks in Paris have prompted heated debates in the United States and Europe on how to deal with a wave of refugees from Syria. Under the guise of refugees through the Balkans to Europe arrived two terrorists, according to officials, and it raises concerns about the infiltration of foreign fighters into the continent through refugees.
Echoing with the rhetoric of the participants of the presidential race in the United States from the Republican party, many in Europe are calling for tighter border controls and limit the number of Syrian refugees taken by Europe.
"Europe should recognize that it could not accept such a large number of migrants, it is simply not possible," said French Prime Minister Manuel Valls of the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung. "Control over the borders of the European Union is extremely important for its future. If we do, people will say that with Europe ended, "he added.
The EU fears about refugees ahead of his rhetoric. 29 November in 300 km from Paris, and specifically in the Belgian capital Brussels, the EU reached a deal with Turkey to limit the number of refugees coming from that country in transit to Europe. In particular, the EU pledged € 3 billion to Turkey for strengthening border controls.
Show Must Go On
Despite the terrorist threats and the troubled situation in international relations, climate conference COP21, organizers say, should not fall. Although Parisians are still hard to accept the fact that public attention now focused on reducing greenhouse gases, rather than combating terrorism. "We are not ready," said a young woman working in a bookstore near the Louvre. Even mourning has not yet ended.