The virus of putinism

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When the cold war ended, Hungary had a special place in the history of the revolutions of 1989 year. It was the first country in the Soviet orbit to renounce communism and made the choice in favor of liberal democracy. Today it is again a trend setter and becomes the first European country to condemn liberal democracy and to renounce it. It adopts the new system and set of values, the embodiment of which is Putin's Russia, and who find their supporters in other countries.

In his important speech at the end of July, Prime Minister Viktor Orban (Viktor Orban) stated that his country intends to create a new political model is neliberal′nuû democracy (illiberal democracy). I drew attention to this, since in 1997 year wrote an article for Foreign Affairs magazine, which used this phrase to describe a dangerous trend. Democratic Governments often have popular used their mandates for the destruction of the system based on respect for individual rights, the separation of powers and the rule of law. But even I could not imagine that a national leader — especially in Europe — who will use this term as a badge of honor. "The most popular topic for thought today is an attempt to understand how the systems, which are not Western, not liberal, not liberal democracies and possibly not democracies, can, however, make their nation a success," said Orban. From his point of view, the world has changed fundamentally in the year 2008, after what he calls a "great Western financial collapse."

Since then, he said, the influence of America and liberal values today represent "corruption, sex and violence." Western Europe has become a country of "freeloaders, perched on the backs of public welfare systems. Illiberal models for the future, in his opinion, demonstrate Russia, Turkey, China, Singapore and India. Orban's actions over the past five years — leave without attention to its strange list (India?) — show that his own preferred role model is Putin's Russia. Orban has developed and implemented in Hungary version of what can best be described as putinizmom. To understand what is at stake, we need to turn to its founder. Putin has created a repressive system of political, economic and social monitoring in order to maintain its authority. Faced with opposition, especially during the rigged parliamentary elections, 2011 year, Putin realised that he needed not only brute force to vanquish their opponents. He was also the ideology of power, and he began to articulate her speeches, in laws, but also used his power to spread the commitment in relation to a specific set of values. The most important elements of putinism is nationalism, religion, social conservatism, state capitalism and domination of the Government by the media. They all in one way or another or different from modern Western values, based on the rights of the individual, tolerance, cosmopolitanism and internationalism, or hostile towards them. Orban has chosen Putin, it weakens the judicial independence, limit the rights of the individual, uses nationalist terms, speaking of ethnic Hungarians and clamps his mouth press. Control techniques are often more sophisticated than traditional censorship.

In Hungary recently announced the introduction of a 40 per cent tax on income from advertising and give the impression that these actions are directed primarily against the only major independent television network in the country and can cause its bankruptcy. If you look around you can see and other politicians, have adopted the basic elements of putinism. Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan (Recep Tayyip Erdogan) departed from its reformist agenda and replaced it for another, more conservative socially, Islamist and highly nationalistic program. It also uses clever tricks in order to hold down the media. Many European far-right leaders is marine Le Pen (Marin Le Pen) in France, Geert Wilders (Geert Anything) in Holland and Nigel Faraj (Nigel Farage) in Britain is openly admire Putin and the policy which it is. The success of putinism will depend largely on the success of Putin and Russia under his leadership. If he prevailed in Ukraine and will transform her into curing the feeble country vyprašivaûŝuû assistance from Moscow, he will look like a winner. But if Ukraine will succeed outside the Russian orbit and Russia's economy will continue to weaken, Putin may be led globally isolated State existing from the sale of oil.

Fareed Zakaria

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